Feminist criticism is also concerned with less obvious forms of marginalization. While in practice feminist critics continue to use a variety of methodological approaches to literature, there are common assumptions that underlie a feminist approach to anything. This is an edited, shorter version of an essay originally entitled feminist literary criticism, published in ann jefferson and david robey eds. They invite us to consider writings by women, both new and forgotten, and also ask us to consider viewing familiar literature through a feminist perspective. Feminism in literature and in theory ugc net english. The first section of the book explores protofeminist thought from the middle ages onwards, and analyses the work of pioneers such as wollstonecraft and woolf. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
Patriarchy is a system of social organization that traces descent through the male line and bestows privilege and power to males on the assumption of. The rescuing of woolf from the apolitical prisons of bloomsbury and madness was one of the formative projects of secondwave feminist literary criticism see carr, chapter 7. In addition to challenging assumptions which were thought to be universal, feminist literary criticism actively supports including womens knowledge in literature and valuing womens experiences. Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theory, or more broadly, by the politics of feminism. This school of thought seeks to analyze and describe the ways in which literature portrays the narrative of male domination by exploring the economic, social, political, and psychological forces embedded. Feminist criticism feminism and feminist criticism the. The images of women school of feminist critics adopts this point of view and is particularly concerned with how women characters are represented in literature. It uses the principles and ideology of feminism to critique the language of literature. Some feminist critics seek to interpret the works of male authors, with particular attention to women characters, in order to explore the moral, political and social restrictions. Feminist criticism feminism is the radical notion that women are human beings. Since people have written literature, critics have been interpreting it. Modern feminist literary theory seeks to understand both the literary portrayals and representation of both women and people in the queer community, expanding the role of a variety of identities and analysis within feminist literary criticism.
The feminist literary criticism of today ts the direct product of the womens movement of the 1960s. It will first explain the feminist literary theory as a term as well as a practice and its function in literary criticism, followed by. A new podcast s1 e10 germaine greer on womens liberation, the trans community and her rape duration. In particular, feminist literary critics tend to reject the patriarchal norms of literature that privileges masculine ways of thinkingpoints of view and marginalizes women politically. Gilbert and susan gubars newest collaboration, feminist literary theory and criticism. Some have been interested in rediscovering the works of women writers overlooked by a masculinedominated culture. Information on feminist literary criticism and theory, including autobiography, autography, autofiction, crime novels, detective stories, drama, theatre, plays. Feminist criticism is concerned with the ways in which literature and other cultural. Feminist literary criticism friedans focus according to friedan, women have been encouraged to confine themselves to the narrow. It also overlaps with gender criticism in exploring how men and women may read the same text with different assumptions.
Gender issues play a part in every aspect of human production and experience, including the production and experience of literature, whether we are consciously aware of these issues or not. Cheris kramerae, a feminist dictionary 1991 feminist biblical criticism, like feminism itself, comes in many types of packaging, each of which when opened reveals different ideas about the bible, its authority, and its relevance. But others insist that the claim for such a difference simply does not hold up to critical scrutiny, and must therefore be abandoned as an ideal. The chapter on feminist criticism now contains sections on gender studies and french feminism, the latter including discussions of both the. It is a literary criticism like any other, but its perspective is feminism. Louise bogan, women in a splendidly witty dialogue of 1975, carolyn heilbrun and catharine. Feminist literary criticism also known as feminist criticism is the literary analysis that arises from the viewpoint of feminism, feminist theory, andor feminist politics. The sections focus respectively on the female literary tradition, women and literary production, gender and genre this part includes examples of practical feminist criticism, the impact that feminism has and will have on women seeking to refashion language, and the question of whether we can identify a distinctively female voice. Some feminist critics seek to interpret the works of male authors, with particular attention to women characters, in order to explore the moral, political and social restrictions women traditionally faced. All feminist activity, including feminist theory and literary criticism, has as its. Feminism literary criticism pdf feminist literary analyses may examine.
The feminist literary theory and the angloamerican approach 1. By the beginning of the 1980s, feminist criticism was becoming more self. Thus feminist criticism began as a kind of revolution against the traditional literary criticism. The root cause of this type of criticism lies in the oppression of women in social, political, economic and psychological literature. I once these issues have been raised, i hope to show briefly that the difficulties and rewards of such a critical approach bear some resemblance to those attached. It is nonetheless important to understand differences among the interests and assumptions of french, british and north america. Pluralism and the feminist critique women have no wilderness in them, they are provident instead content in the tight hot cell of their hearts to eat dusty bread. Key concepts hegemonic masculinity patriarchal dividend. Feminist criticism revolves around power relations between the two genders. Feminist literary critics remind us that literary values, conventions, and even the production of literature, have themselves been historically shaped by men. The paper will also explore how and to what degree if at all henrik ibsen, who is.
Feminist literary criticism is a literary criticism knowledgeable by feminist theory, or, more broadly, by the politics of feminism. Some notes on defining a feminist literary criticism annette kolodny as yet, no one has formulated any exacting definition of the term feminist criticism. Feminist criticism of the 1960s and 1970s concerned itself with the representation of women in literature as an expression of the social norms about women and their social roles and and as a means of socialization. It is through this specific literary criticism that one is able to deconstruct female characters and the way in which. Some notes on defining a feminist literary criticism.
This page intentionally left blank a history of feminist literary criticism feminism has transformed the academic study of literature, funda mentally. Rather, it was a renewal of an old traditton of thought and action already possessing its classic books whlch had diagnosed problem of womens inequality in society, and in some cases proposed solutions. It uses feminist principles and ideology to critique the. Feminism has transformed the academic study of literature, fundamentally altering the canon of what is taught and setting new agendas for literary analysis. In particular, feminist literary critics tend to reject the patriarchal norms of literature that privileges masculine ways of thinkingpoints of view and marginalizes women politically, economically and.
The feminist literary theory feminist literary theory, as a term, gained currency during the mid1980s. This research guide will assist you in finding sources for feminist literary criticism. Feminist literary criticism is used to explore the inequalities, social injustices and abusive messages directed toward women within patriarchal societies and cultures. Feminist criticism began as a part of the general movement of womens liberation. Apr 17, 2017 feminist literary criticism is used to explore the inequalities, social injustices and abusive messages directed toward women within patriarchal societies and cultures. The theory and practice of feminist criticism sage journals. The debate represents a conflict between aesthetic theory, on the one hand, and the imperatives of the feminist movement from which feminist criticism sprang, on the other. Feminism literary criticism pdf feminism ethnicity, race. Elaine showalter is an influential american critic famous for her conceptualization of gynocriticism, which is a womancentric approach to literary analysis, her a literature of their own discusses the female literary tradition which she. Meanwhile another group of critics including sandra gilbert, susan gubar, patricia meyer spacks, and showalter herself created a somewhat different model. Pdf the history of feminist criticism researchgate.
Elaine showalter as a femin ist critic by nasrullah mambrol on september 24, 2016 7. Pdf a history of feminist literary criticism alexander. Feminist criticism one approach to literature youtube. Critical methodology a feminist literary critic resists traditional assumptions while reading a text. It will first explain the feminist literary theory as a term as well as a practice and its function in literary criticism, followed by an explanation of the angloamerican approach and some of its prominent writers. The english and the american women writers and critics revolted against the fact that women writers had been silenced by and large excluded from literary history. While sex is biological given, gender is a social construct, constructed so as to satisfy the male flair for domination.
Feminist literary criticism feminist literary criticism is a product of the feminist movement of the 1960s. Jardine 260 feminism and deconstruction mary poovey 262 woman can never be defined julia. The chapter on feminist criticism now contains sections on. Feminist criticism comes in literary world in many forms and feminist. Feminism literary criticism pdf feminism ethnicity. Ecofeminism by nasrullah mambrol on october 9, 2017 1. Mar 04, 2018 here is the lecture on unit 2 of english 110.
Home feminism elaine showalter as a femin ist critic. With selections by more than 100 writers and scholars, the reader is an ideal companion for literature surveys where. It is broadly explained as the politics of feminism and uses feminist principles to critique the maledominated literature. The existence of such critical view changed the form of english literature completely. A history of feminist literary criticism cambridge core. An obvious explanation of feminist literary criticism is the use of feminist philosophy to analyse texts of old and new to determine how a particular work depicts men and women. Marxist criticism, see the marxist feminist literature collectives womens writing, ideology and consciousness 3 spring 1978. All feminist activity, including feminist theory and literary criticism, has as its ultimate goal to change the world by prompting gender equality. This movement was, in important ways, literary from the start, in the sense that ir realised.
Briefly, feminist criticism aims to reinterpret literature from a female point of view. Feminist literary criticism is often a political attack upon other modes of criticism. Initially feminist criticism reflected the political goals of feminism in that authors and texts were judged in accordance with how far they could be reconciled with feminist ideology. This research paper attempts to give a feminist analysis of henrik ibsens a dolls house based on the angloamerican approach to feminist literary theory. A history of feminist literary criticism edited by gill plain. Ecofeminism has become an increasingly important field in both contemporary feminist and environmental studies.
This lecture introduces feminist literary criticism by giving a history of feminism and introducing the foundational concepts of feminist theory. There is no original or primary gender a drag imitates, but gender is a kind of. Meese, in contrast, argues that feminist literary criticism should make use of. A section on lacanian psychoanalysis has been added to the chapter on psycho. Pdf this book is a collection of eighteen major essays on feminist criticism, which is basically concerned with the literary representations of sexual.
In this authoritative history of feminist literary criticism, leading scholars chart the development of the practice from the middle ages to. Additionally, feminist criticism has been closely associated with the birth and growth of queer studies. A feminist literary critic resists traditional assumptions while reading a text. What is the feminist approach to literary criticism. Some theorists examine the language and symbols that are used and how that language and use of. For example, to go along with chapter 7, genre criticism, i have added a section on the modern genre of magic realism. How to use feminist literary criticism pen and the pad. Conventionally, criticism was used to refer to a practical approach to. Part of the fun of reading good literature is looking for all its meanings and messages. This book offers a comprehensive guide to the history and development of feminist literary criticism and a lively reassessment of the main issues and authors in the field. Elaine showalter as a feminist critic literary theory. In this authoritative history of feminist literary criticism, leading scholars chart the. Pdf a history of feminist literary criticism alexander kasilag.
For these reasons, you will find in the second edition of critical theory today a good deal of new material. A type of literary criticism that became a dominant force in western literary studies in the late 1970. This is a page introduction to teaching literary criticism. Prior to her landmark contributions to the field, in particular her feminist manifesto of literary criticism, a room of ones own 1929, very few works register in historical accounts of its genesis. In this authoritative history of feminist literary criticism, leading scholars chart the development of the practice from the middle ages to the present. Feminist criticism feminist criticism presents different perspectives on how literature discusses issues of gender, focusing on education, financial and social difference in a male dominated society. It is essential reading for all students and scholars of feminist writing and literary criticism. Feminist criticism in the wilderness elaine showalter 1. Literary criticism the analysis of a literary text though various lenses that highlight authorial stance, purpose, and perspective. It is upon this commonality that i wish to dwell, so as to place feminist literary criticism within the context of a more general critical theory.
Feminist literary criticism helps us look at literature in a different light. Feminist literary criticism and wuthering heights biswanath mahapatra department of english, khatra adibasi mahavidyalaya, khatra, west bengal, india feminist criticism is the most outstanding discovery in the realm of theory as well as in the world of women. Feminist criticism and jane eyre what is feminist criticism. Apr 07, 2015 the most important aspect of this phase is the efforts to understand the evolution of the female literary tradition. History launched in the twentieth century with virginia woolfs a room of ones own 1929 1969 kate millett examined how women are represented in text by famous men in sexual politics. Practice and politics of a feminist literary criticism annette kolodny 250 toward a feminist poetics elaine showalter 254 sexual textual politics. Twentiethcentury historical, philosophical and psychological perspectives. Feminist criticism is a form of literary criticism that is based on feminist theories. A guide into feminist theories and criticism a research.
Teacher notes on literary criticism definitions, definitions for key terms relative to readerresponse and feminist criticism, questions students can use as guiding principals, a feminist criticism exercise, and a quiz to. Woolf matters to feminist literary criticism not simply as a writer and critic, but also as a subject of critical enquiry. Feminist literary criticism the new york public library. When applied to the study of literature, it is used in a variety of contexts to cover a variety of activities, including 1 any. Although, as diamond and orenstein note, ecofeminism is really a new term for an ancient wisdom mies and shiva 1993.
Gender studies originated during the feminist movement, when critics began investigating the. A norton reader, is the first collection to trace the historical evolution of feminist writing about literature in english from the middle ages to the twentyfirst century. Feminist criticism comes in many forms, and feminist critics have a variety of goals. Feminist literary criticism is the critical analysis of literary works based on the feminist perspective. Gender studies originated during the feminist movement, when critics began investigating the unexamined assumptions around gender in a piece of literature. Feminist criticism has thus become a varied field of debate rather than an agreed position.
There are many different kinds of feminist literary theory. When applying feminist literary criticism to a text, one can discover a female narrative supported by its characters, themes, etc. This type of criticism examines how sexual identity influences the creation and reception of literary works. Feminist criticism is, indeed a critique of the sexgender system. It applies the philosophies and perspectives of feminism to the literature we read.503 610 1497 1064 970 445 209 1220 1480 305 581 1347 1288 1488 1442 291 1264 51 387 410 906 1462 734 211 1489 211 1465 1392 321 1266 799 660 606 105 689 1414 570 940 904 650 1378 691 1297 535 572