Chondromalacia patella a pathologic state of softening of the cartilage accompanied by fibrillation, fissuring, or erosion on the posterior patella 19 was presumed to be the primary source of anterior knee pain until the late 1960s. There are also some cardiovascular exercises for chondromalacia patella that are great because they put relatively low amounts of stress on the knee. Jan 11, 2018 chondromalacia patellae, also known as runners knee, is a condition where the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella kneecap deteriorates and softens. Chondromalacia patellae causes, symptoms exercises and. Lie down on your side with both knees on top of each other bent at a 90degree angle. Chattanooga, tn 423 6242696 when the knee moves, the kneecap patella slides to remain in contact with the. The author has developed a treatment programme which hasa ninetysixpercentsuccess rate. In the past it has also been commonly called chondromalacia patella.
Chondromalacia is due to an irritation of the undersurface of the kneecap. Chondromalacia causes front knee pain, swelling and clickinggrinding noises when moving the knee. Patellofemoral overload syndrome patellar pain syndrome anterior knee pain syndrome runners knee 3. When your knees hurt, doing knee exercises may be the last thing you want to do but making smart knee exercise choices just might be the solution to help reduce your knee pain. Chondromalacia patella knee pain treatment metro physio. Patella alta has been shown to be associated with chondromalacia on the articular surface of the patella and pain. To ensure that this program is safe and effective for you, it should be performed under your doctors supervision. Patellofemoral rehabilitation boston sports medicine. Video 1 of 4 exercises for chondromalacia patella knee pain these exercises for chondromalacia patella knee pain may instantly relieve your pain from doing just step 1. Chondromalacia patellae cmp is referred to as anterior knee pain due to the physical and biomechanical changes 1.
Donate for poor patients click here chondromalacia patella means chondromalacia softening of cartilage patella the knee cap softening of the articular cartilage of the knee cap when it softens it may break down causing irregularities along the undersurface of patella. These movements are controlled by a number of muscles that connect to the knee cap. Patella alta has also been implicated in patellar osteoarthritis. But having this mouthful of a condition does not mean you have to give up sports or exercising altogether. Obviously, a great starting point for treatment is to avoid these irritating activities as best you can. The pain is caused by an irritation of the undersurface or patella of the kneecap as the kneecap rubs against one side of. Patellofemoral pain syndrome can be a dif ficult condition to manage effectively.
Since the patella sits in the groove of the trochlea of the femur thigh bone and moves smoothly up and down in this groove with knee motion it can be. The success rate ofmost treatment regimes has been poor and in the long term the condition frequently recurs. Feb 17, 2014 chondromalacia patella is differentiated from the diagnoses of anterior cruciate ligament tear and tendon injuries, although these conditions contribute to the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical activities. It tends to affect young, healthy and often sporty people, most commonly affecting adolescents and young. Chondromalacia patella cmp is a disease in which the cartilage of patella is genetically soften and easily wears away.
Chondromalacia patellae by definition means soft cartilage under the kneecap. In chondromalacia patella, the occurrence of degeneration of cartilage is hidden behind the hard bony, floating structure of the patella. The usual treatment advised is to avoid overuse of the knee and to have physiotherapy. Chris alford pt, scs, atc, cscs, patrick denton md, in postsurgical orthopedic sports rehabilitation, 2006. For instance, swimming is a wonderful fullbody exercise for chondromalacia because the water put very little stress is put on the joints. A knee brace can keep the patella in the most central part of the knee, limiting the risk of it migrating to the outside where grinding is more likely. Retropatellar knee pain with patellar cartilage damage 2. The next chondromalacia patella exercise will target the hips and strengthen lower extremity support at the sides of the body. Under normal circumstances the cartilage is smooth and shiny so it glides smoothly along the thigh bone femur as the knee bends.
When the cartilage on the under surface of the knee cap has been continually irritated for a long period of time it can begin to wear down and. Dull, aching pain andor a feeling of grinding when the knee is flexed may occur. Chondromalacia patella advanced physical therapy ct. In the absence of cartilage damage, pain at the front of the knee due to overuse can be managed with a combination of rice rest, ice, compression, elevation, antiinflammatory medications, and physiotherapy usually chondromalacia develops without swelling or bruising and most individuals benefit from rest and adherence to an appropriate physical therapy program. Literature on the comparative effectiveness of nonoperative treatments for patellofemoral pathologies has been limited. The best treatment for patellofemoral syndrome is to avoid activities that compress the patella against the femur with force. The patella is covered with a layer of smooth cartilage, which normally glides across the knee when the joint is bent. The purpose of this investigation was to study the effectiveness of selected static and isokinetic physical therapy rehabilitation programs for subjects with a clinical diagnosis of chondromalacia patella. Talk to your doctor or physical therapist about which exercises will best help you meet your rehabilitation goals.
Strict avoidance ofall sports andgames, a serious deprivation for an adolescent. Symptoms are similar to patellofemoral pain as the kneecap rubs on the bone underneath causing swelling and pain. The knee cap acts as a lever for muscles controlling movement of the knee. In fact, its often called runners knee because of the association. Also called anterior knee pain or patella femoral stress syndrome causes. Top 3 exercises for chondromalacia or patellofemoral pain. There are a few other diagnoses that may be used for pain at or around the kneecap. Pdf chondromalacia patella cmp is a disease in which the cartilage of patella is genetically soften and easily. Two common international classification of disease, ninth revision icd. With chondromalacia patella pain is typically aggravated by activity or prolonged sitting with bent knees such as sitting at the movies or a.
Pain results when the knee and the thigh bone femur rub together. In adolescents and active adults, chondromalacia patella can be due to sports injury with participation in athletics, such as running, soccer, cycling, skiing, and gymnastics, which are highimpact sports, involve abrupt stopping, and apply repetitive torsion, stress, and force to the joint. The articular cartilage of the posterior surface of the patella is going though degenerative changes 2 which manifest as a softening, swelling, fraying, and erosion of the hyaline cartilage underlying the patella and sclerosis of the underlying bone. You may also be referred for a course of physiotherapy, if you need someone to. Pdf chondromalacia patella and new diagnostic criteria. Chondromalacia patella knee pain is the softening and breakdown of the tissue cartilage on the underside of the kneecap patella. Chondromalacia treatment chondromalacia patella braces. Chondromalacia patellae needs to be distinguished from. Insidious onset typically defined by pain in the retropatellar or peripatellar region 3. You should also follow the steps of rice rest, ice, compress and elevate and wear a chondromalacia knee brace that helps with kneecap movement. While the term chondromalacia sometimes refers to abnormalappearing cartilage anywhere in the body, it most commonly denotes irritation of the underside of the kneecap or patella.
Recently it has been termed patellofemoral joint syndrome because the pain is caused by how the knee cap the patella glides or moves over the lower end of the thigh bone the femur see. Feb 14, 2018 chondromalacia patellae is damage to the cartilage at the back of the kneecap patella. Chondromalacia patellae, also known as runners knee, is a condition where the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella kneecap deteriorates and softens. This condition is known as chondromalacia of the patella. Chondromalacia is a general term referring to damage to the cartilage of the joints, but often this term is used to refer to damage to the cartilage that covers the patella knee cap. Knee pain chondromalacia patella chondromalacia patella knee pain is the softening and breakdown of the tissue cartilage on the underside of the kneecap patella. Chondromalacia patella physiotherapy services in multan.
A patella that lies too high on the femur patella alta is one example of an abnormality that can give rise to abnormal muscle forces at the knee thus. The patella s posterior surface is covered with a layer of smooth cartilage, which the base of the femur normally glides smoothly against when the knee is bent. Bob schrupp and brad heineck demonstrate 3 recommended exercises for the treatment of chondromalacia patellae or patellofemoral p. Other safe exercises for chondromalacia patellae include. Physical therapy exercises for chondromalacia patella. Chondromalacia patella is a common knee condition where there is softening and damage to the cartilage on the back of the patella kneecap. Some people with chondromalacia patella may also have a vague sense of tightness or fullness. Static and isokinetic treatments of chondromalacia patella.
This is because the knee joint is the area of the body most often affected by chondromalacia this cartilage is important as both a shock absorber and for ensuring the patella. A long term solution patellofemoral pain syndrome can be a difficult condition to manage effectively. Chondromalacia patella when the knee moves, the kneecap patella slides to remain in contact with the lower end of the thigh bone trochlear groove of the femur. Strengthening and stretching exercises are the 2 types of physical exercises which are recommended in order to recover as well as stop chondromalacia patella cmp from recurrence. Chondromalacia patella cmp is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. But please continue through this entire series so your pain relief can be stable and long lasting. Patellofemoral pain syndrome university health services. Patellofemoral syndrome roland jeffery physiotherapy. Chondromalacia patella symptoms, causes, treatment. The undersurface of the kneecap, or patella, is covered with a layer of smooth cartilage.
It is formed by contact between the knee cap patella and the thigh bone femur. Huberti and hayes 1984, 215 the australian journal of physiotherapy. Chondromalacia is the term used to describe a patellofemoral joint that has been structurally damaged, while the term patellofemoral pain syndrome pfps refers. Jul 28, 2019 chondromalacia patella cmp is damage to the articular cartilage under the kneecap. Rehabilitation for patellofemoral syndrome chondromalacia. Longterm prevention includes strengthening of the inner portion of the quadriceps muscle to help normalize the tracking of the patella. The physical therapist will evaluate the patients mobility, flexibility and strength with the purpose of determining the underlying cause of the abnormal stress on the patella. Top 3 knee exercises for chondromalacia patella dr. Chondromalacia patella cmp is a condition at the knee commonly found in younger athletes and in females where the articular cartilage under the patella kneecap softens or becomes damaged. Chondromalacia patella also referred to as patellofemoral syndrome or runners knee is the most common cause of chronic knee pain. Symptoms are similar to that of patellofemoral pain syndrome.
Chondromalacia patella is the condition of the knee cap treated with physiotherapy at cambridge knee hospital in cambridge and cambridgeshire uk. Knee rehabilitation exercises to ensure that this program is safe and effective for you, it should be performed under your doctors supervision. The knee cap normally sits in a snug groove on the end of the thigh bone. Jan 27, 2020 chondromalacia patella cmp is a condition where the articular cartilage covering the posterior side of the patella gets damaged. Chondromalacia patellae cmp is referred to as anterior knee pain due to the physical. This cartilage normally glides effortlessly across the knee during bending of the joint. Pdf chondromalacia patella cmp is a disease in which the cartilage of patella is genetically soften and easily wears away. Apr 24, 2018 chondromalacia patella knee pain is often caused by a lot of running and jumping. Patella alta is a positional fault defined most simply as the superior displacement of the patella within the trochlear groove of the femur.
Chattanooga, tn 423 6242696 when the knee moves, the kneecap patella slides to remain in contact with the lower end of the thigh bone trochlear groove of the femur. The pain of chondromalacia patella is aggravated by activity or prolonged sitting with bent knees abnormal tracking allows the kneecap patella to grate over the lower end of the thighbone femur, causing chronic inflammation and pain. Running or jumping walking when it is flared up sitting going up or down stairs squatting or kneeling driving. Rehabilitation for patellofemoral syndrome chondromalacia patella brett sanders, md center for sports medicine and orthopaedic 2415 mccallie ave. Physiotherapy in patellofemoral pain syndrome request pdf. Physical therapy is often recommended for treatment of pain and dysfunction associated with patellofemoral syndrome and chondromalacia of the patella. Apr 01, 2020 chondromalacia patella symptoms patellofemoral syndrome include a vague discomfort of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity running, jumping, climbing, or descending stairs or by prolonged sitting with the knees in a moderately bent position. There can be pain around or under the kneecap and sometimes in the back of the knee. The articular cartilage of the posterior surface of the patella is going though degenerative changes which manifest as a softening, swelling, fraying, and erosion of the hyaline cartilage underlying the patella and sclerosis of the underlying bone. The pathology tends to affect women more than men, has an insidious onset, and is usually bilateral. Treatment of chondromalacia patella many people come to the doctor when the grinding sensations begin during exercise, which is usually a sign that the runners knee has progressed.
Also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome pfps, anterior knee pain syndrome 2. Patellar femoral pain syndrome pfps oxford university hospitals. Outcomes of prolotherapy in chondromalacia patella patients. Patella chondromalacia an overview sciencedirect topics. Chondromalacia patella cmp is a condition where the articular cartilage covering the posterior side of the patella gets damaged. With chondromalacia patella pain is typically aggravated by activity or prolonged sitting with bent knees such as sitting at the movies or a long haul flight. The most common way to treat symptoms of chondromalacia. Pain and swelling at the front of the knee, especially over and around the kneecap or. Often called runners knee, chondromalacia patella is a common condition causing pain in the kneecap. Anterior knee pain also sometimes known as chondromalacia patella is the softening and degeneration of the cartilage beneath the kneecap patella. Knee exercises for chondromalacia patella simple strategies to reduce knee pain. Chondromalacia patella is the most common cause of chronic knee pain chondromalacia patella has also been called patellofemoral syndrome. Chondromalacia patella can be prevented only in the sense that the symptoms can be prevented by avoiding any aggravating activities running, jumping, etc. It tends to affect young, healthy and often sporty people, most commonly affecting adolescents and young adults.
He demonstrates how to do these exercises on your own. Since the hips play a large role in the coordination of bodily movement, theyll need to be given some reinforcement as well. The usual treatment advised is to avoid overuse of the knee and to have physiotherapy, which is effective in most cases. Chondromalacia patellae is damage to the cartilage at the back of the kneecap patella. Patients with chondromalacia of the patella will often complain of pain with knee flexion and extension, difficulty climbing stairs, crepitus, and pain that increases progressively. Chondromalacia patellasports massageexercisesstretching. Chondromalacia patellae cmp is referred to as anterior knee pain due to the physical and biomechanical changes. Data were queried with the pearldiver patient record database, a national database containing orthopedic patient records. Chondromalacia patella or patellofemoral syndrome can be a very painful knee condition. The suc cess rate of most treatment regimes has been poor and in the long. But while these steps help with the symptoms of chondromalacia patella, they do not fix the. As stated earlier, chondromalacia is sometimes used by clinicians to identify individuals with anterior knee pain.1310 768 932 836 63 555 820 183 1442 476 1079 589 931 460 377 1093 100 62 26 937 694 1409 1410 12 780 249 420 1154 621 797 399 1185